A Rashomon-style narrative is one in which several actors relay an identical event, and the descriptions differ in unreconcilable ways. It demonstrates how multiple people can have very different perspectives on the same event. The author enables the viewer to listen to all of them and compare and contrast their conflicting views.

Now we’ll look at some examples where this trope was used.

In Pulp fiction

At the beginning of the film, when Ringo and Yolanda rob the restaurant, Yolanda threatens to shoot "every motherfucking last one of [them]." When the scene is replayed at the final moment, it is told from Jules' perspective, and Yolanda's dialogues are altered to "Every one of you motherfuckers" to emphasize the shift in perspective.


The Last Jedi accomplishes this through a two-character retelling of Kylo Ren's descent into darkness. First, Luke implies that Kylo Ren destroyed Luke's Jedi Academy due to the Dark Side. Following that, Kylo informs Rey that he turned to the Dark Side because Luke attempted to murder him in his sleep due to his fear of his power. Finally, after Rey confronts him, Luke tells her the complete version of the story: he had a lapse in judgement and intended to murder Ben in his sleep for a brief moment because he sensed a deep well of darkness in his pupil. He was about to say something when he realized the horror of what he was about to do and stopped himself. Before he could do so, he comprehended the horror of what he would do and decided against it, but it was too late: Ben Solo had seen his master's active lightsaber and attacked. Luke blames himself for Ben's metamorphosis into the villainous Kylo Ren and is filled with remorse.

Used in plays

In The Merchant of Venice, it was used to play the Greedy the Jew trope. Shylock's servant, Launcelot, complains to his father that he is so malnourished in Shylock's system that his ribs are visible. However, Launcelot has just spent the entire scene practising deceptions about his father's blindness, implying that nothing he says about his appearance can be trusted. (This is open to interpretation because actors of all sizes have played Launcelot over the years—but even if he is skinny, it could be attributed to a fast metabolism.) According to Shylock, Launcelot is a "huge feeder" who ate him out of his house and home. Of course, because Shylock is a miser, he can't be trusted either.